Path to the High-rise City
The first high-rise buildings (according to today’s definition) emerged from 1950 in Frankfurt and were steered by development plans. The development of high-rise planning in Frankfurt is characterized by several steps:
1960s and 1970s
In parallel to economic growth up to the 1970s, urban planning ideas for economic and urban growth also came into being in Frankfurt. The results of the Stöber Study formed the starting point for the start of the planning of the subway network in 1962. The formulation of urban development ideas by van den Broek and Bakema (Rotterdam, 1964-1966) rocked to a veritable high-rise buzz in 1966. This led to the further recommendation of high-rise axes in the 1968 Fingerplan, which resulted in increased real estate speculation.
Massive land speculation is driving half of the Westend‘s residential population away and is triggering considerable public resistance to the excesses of growth euphoria, accompanied by the economic and oil crisis. Efforts are now underway to break the speculation that has begun, thus reassuring the population and regaining their trust in the city government.
After a large percentage of former high-rise buildings were built in the Banking District and the present face of Frankfurt determined, the metropolitan character and leadership demand of Frankfurt also became increasingly visible through its towers. This led to a mood change in the population regarding high-rise buildings, and instead of devaluing nicknames (“Krankfurt”), more fun-loving names (“Mainhattan”) came up.
With these developments, a new urban self-confidence arises, which from then on declares Frankfurt’s claim as a metropolis. Since 1998, dedicated high-rise plans have been regulating the areas in which new high-rise buildings are to be built.