The city of Frankfurt has been an important trading and financial center since the Middle Ages. Before the Second World War there were more than 1,250 half-timbered houses in the historic old town, which made Frankfurt one of the most important medieval half-timbered towns.
The city center was considered a gem of the German metropolis and was one of the most famous tourist attractions in Germany. The people of Frankfurt were proud of their city and many visitors were amazed by their beauty. Many streets were lined with richly decorated Wilhelminian style houses.
Allied air raids on Frankfurt during World War II, however, wiped out the entire medieval old town and destroyed large parts of the inner city as well. As a result, thousands of historic buildings in Frankfurt fell victim to the flames, including around 1,800 half-timbered houses in the Old Town and New Town.
After the end of the war, the development of the city in the 1950s and 1960s created a completely new cityscape in the city center, which was characterized at times by buildings that were becoming ever taller. During this time, Frankfurt was looking for a new beginning and modernity. A main focus of the high-rise developments at that time was the Banking District and the Westend. But construction took place in no careful way.