West End Plan
“Don’t let yourself be forced out of your apartment”
“There is nothing against the serious homeowners, but there are also owners of property – especially in the West End – who want to push tenants out of their homes with often unruly methods. They have bought one house after another, and want to get the houses cleared and demolished, before putting a big new block in their place. They do not appear merciful. The city of Frankfurt am Main has created a rental advice centre. Ask yourself before you forgo a right, and do not simply just get out of your home.”
This comes from the city of Frankfurt in the accompanying text to the “Strukturplan West End”. On 28 January 1971, the city council passed the initial concept for structural development of the Frankfurt West End, the “Strukturplan Westend”. A limited building complex and a hearing with the “Aktionsgemeinschaft Westend” (the town planning council of the city planning office), the house and land owner’s office and invited prospective customers took place. The West End Plan is deliberately trying to put an end to the speculative wave of construction in the West End (the “City supplementary area”) and to allocate a clear economic area to investment.
“The goal of the project is to achieve a balanced architectural and social structure in this district of the West End, and to secure a mixed structure of housing and work in the long term, (….) preservation, and increase of the proportion of the population regarded as in the lowest limit.
- Securing a social mix of the living population.
- Expulsion of clearly defined areas (compacted areas) for economic enterprises.
- Preservation and integration of characterful and valuable old buildings, for example, for monument and city conservation.
- Preservation and creation of green areas and special consideration of the old tree stock.”
The West End is essentially divided into three areas, in which the principles of these objectives are to be enforced.
1.) The office area along Bockenheimer Landstraße, Mainzer Landstrasse, Friedrich-Ebert-Anlage, Senckenberganlage – a wreath around the Westend south of the Bockenheimer Landstraße. This wreath is considered a compacted zone in which high-rise buildings can be built. Between the buildings “should be sufficient large, green and tree-covered open spaces”, “a GFZ 3.o – 5.o is attainable” with a maximum building of 5o% of the plot. The large height of the buildings results from this. The ground floors are to be largely cleared. All the goals still come from the concept of “loosening up”. If living space is to be used, the replacement living space “is to be secured” urgently by registering a limited personal service in favour of the city of Frankfurt.”
2.) The transition area following the office area, to the residential area.
Here a mix of 50% offices and 50% living is thriving, with a height limitation of the buildings of 8 floors. Otherwise, all rules of the office area apply.
3.) The residential area north of the Bockenheimer Landstraße to the Grüneburgpark and south of the Bockenheimer Landstraße in the heart of the office corridor.
Only apartments are provided. There is a maximum of 40% construction of the site, and as a rule, up to 8 floors. In some designated areas, up to 12 floors are permitted.
Subsequently, plans were drawn up for other areas of the city under the influence of the fingerprint. However, they did not fit with either the force of law or the main meaning of the West End plan. For the first time in Germany, a city was forced to modify its original growth plans by means of active citizenship (including the West End Action Group). It was also required to coordinate individual plans to secure a status quo with a citizen initiative. New skyscrapers, which determine the silhouette of Frankfurt, were no longer planned in the future, only plans already implemented and launched before the West End plan. The West End plan had signal characteristics.