The local development plan (in German: “Bebauungsplan”) is a regulation about the possible development and its type of certain properties. The local development plan also contains provisions on the use of the land. The respective municipality in which the land in question is located issues the local development plan as a statute. Under these conditions, these statutes create valid building law. The local development plan is also called “B-Plan” in German for short.
The local development plan cannot be assigned to federal or state law: The responsibility for this lies solely with the responsible city. From a legal point of view, the local development plan is a statute. The local development plan always relates to a specific area within the city, which is precisely defined in the local development plan.
The local development plan has the task of regulating the type and manner of permitted development in the defined area. This regulation can relate, for example, to the type and extent of structural use, but also to the construction method, the areas that can and cannot be built over, and the size, width and depth of the properties. The local development plan consists of two parts. The text section describes the specifications in detail and is supplemented by one or more plans, which in turn also document the textual specifications graphically.