The land-use plan is the preparatory building plan in every German municipality and is used by them as a planning instrument. The land-use plan defines urban planning goals as well as development goals and, according to the German Building Code (BauGB), represents “the type of land use resulting from the intended urban development according to the foreseeable needs of the community”. The land use plan is for a period of approximately 10 to 15 years ago, it was determined which areas of the respective city are used for a specific purpose. The zoning plan is called “Flächennutzungsplan” in German (short form: “FNP”).
According to the Federal Building Code, the land use plan primarily defines the “areas intended for development according to the general type of constructional use (construction areas), according to the particular type of constructional use (construction areas) and according to the general extent of constructional use”.
There are some differences between the general land-use plan and the more detailed local development plan:
- The land-use plan applies to the entire city. In contrast, the development plan only applies to a certain part of the city.
- The land-use plan contains significantly less specific information than the development plan.
- Compared to the development plan, the land-use plan is not binding, but only a preparatory measure. The land-use plan is not legally effective for citizens. However, as an internal administrative plan, the land-use plan is effective for the authority.