On May 7, 2020, the city council set out the building land decision (in German: “Baulandbeschluss”) for Frankfurt city developments. With it the City of Frankfurt is setting a framework for the development of future residential building land.
As a result of the building land decision, uniform and transparent requirements for the development of residential building land will apply in Frankfurt for the first time. Builders are obliged to reserve 30 percent of the resulting space for subsidized living – half each in funding path 1 and half in funding path 2, a 15 percent share according to the concept process for community and cooperative housing projects, a 15 percent share for privately financed rental housing and one Implement a share of 10 percent for lower-priced condominiums.
Until May 2020 there was only a general quota of 30 percent for subsidized housing construction in Frankfurt. The setting of further quotas is intended to help create more stable-price housing, more rental housing and affordable condominiums.
A major innovation is that landowners sign a so-called basic consent with the city at a very early stage, even before the decision to set up a new residential area, in which they agree to conclude an urban development contract and to recognize the principles of the building land decision.
The building land decision also stipulates that in future up to two thirds of the planning-related increase in land value should be agreed as services for the general public. In this way, the project developers make a contribution to the development of properties, for area-related social infrastructure such as daycare centers, elementary schools or youth centers, for climate protection, climate adaptation and the creation of public green spaces, for nature conservation law compensation and the assumption of planning costs. This also ensures a good supply of green spaces. One third of the planning-related increase in land value remains with the planning beneficiary.
The method of determining the value of the planning-related increase in land value and thus the framework for a cost sharing is defined uniformly and bindingly. In the future, when determining the final ground values, condominiums will no longer be used as the basis. Instead, the effects of the contractual obligation of subsidized housing and concept procedures for communal and cooperative projects are taken into account.
If possible, these rules also apply to development plans that have been approved and have not yet been publicly displayed. In addition, the city council should work towards ensuring that the urban housing subsidy programs are used in building advice from a threshold value of 30 residential units or 3,000 square meters (32,291 square feet) of gross floor space.
Ultimately, socially and climate-friendly urban development should be actively supported by acquiring private land at an early stage. In the future, urban areas will primarily be used for the statutory task of creating social infrastructure.
It is intended that the resolution will be evaluated at regular intervals and further developed to match.