City Guidance Plan (City-Leitplan)
An attempt at further development of the “Gründerzeitjahre” in the Frankfurt Hochhausbau was carried out by Speerplan GmbH, commissioned by the city in March 1982. He presented long-term development concepts for the core area of Frankfurt, accepting the existing urban development “as developed areas” and developed them further: “This new silhouette is not seen as a mistake of the past, but is positively integrated as a Frankfurt-typical feature in future urban space considerations.”
“Due to the fierce competition between the German and European centres for new growth sectors, both in the manufacturing and service sector, sites in existing centres are being weighed against each other. Their planning sites are characterised by their high degree of centrality, coupled with great handling advantages and accessibility. Consideration must be given to the extent to which these desirable areas can be demonstrated at sought-after city locations, and thus the urban metropolitan structure of Frankfurt and its city expand.”
Suggestions for the City Environment
At the same time, Speerplan is aiming at guiding new ideas to take advantage of city-wide locations for central workplaces, without neglecting the development potential in the inner city:
– Strengthen the metropolitan function of the Frankfurt city, while at the same time distributing functions in the region according to centrality levels.
– Maintain and strengthen the living in the city, and improve the quality of living.
– Create additional centralised jobs.
– Optimal utilisation of the U-Bahn and S-Bahn networks.
– A sensible reconciliation of the core city and the surrounding area through suitable infrastructure.
With an overall concept for Frankfurt’s inner city, private and public investments are to be steered in areas that already have development potential (as in the West) or still require many development measures (like the East of Frankfurt). Reference is also made to partial spaces requiring initial recognition. Development pressure is to be controlled, directed into suitable locations and stimulated by public initiatives. Planning in disadvantaged areas is to be increasingly valued and made accessible to the private investment needs, thus “ensuring investment security”.
The city guide plan did not sit well with experts. In the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung newspaper of 5 July 1984, the Urban Council advised the Magistrate on restrictive planning policy.